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《先进制造信息参考》第41期


2019/2/18 15:20:51

工业4.0与智能制造

类型:咨询报告

标题:10 Global Predictions for 2019: AT Kearney

参考译名:2019年全球十大预测:AT Kearney

简介:The Global Business Policy Council makes 10 key predictions for 2019, all of which we believe will have important implications for the global business environment: The US–China trade war will intensify. Bitcoin will lead the consolidation and maturation of the cryptocurrency market. The global trash crisis will spur innovations in waste management. The global shipping industry will crash into new sulfur regulations. The Xi–Putin relationship will be the world’s most consequential bromance. The global anxiety epidemic will lead to a proliferation of new products. A sand shortage will grind the gears of the global construction industry. The looming emerging markets credit crisis will grow in both scale and scope. Africa will be more connected than ever. Real-life “Iron Man” will materialize in the form of exoskeletons.

来源:Industry Week

链接:https://www.atkearney.com/web/global-business-policy-council/article/?/a/year-ahead-predictions-2019

 

类型:咨询报告

标题:第四次工业革命来临--你准备好了吗?

简介:报告基于对来自美洲、亚洲及欧洲19个国家所有主要行业的1603名高管开展的调研,探讨了工业4.0时代来临所伴随的希望与不确定性,并且从社会、战略、人才和技术四个方面衡量企业与政府机构领导者对于工业4.0的准备程度,协助企业了解第四次工业革命带来的机遇和风险,接纳工业4.0的各方面变革并利用好其全部潜力,以使客户、人才、组织、社区乃至社会从中获益。

来源:www2.deloitte.com

链接:http://pan.ckcest.cn/rcservice//doc?doc_id=34488

 

类型:期刊

标题:The impact of the fourth industrial revolution: a cross-country/region comparison

参考译名:第四次工业革命的影响:跨国家/地区比较分析

简介:The fourth industrial revolution stimulates the advances of science and technology, in which the Internet of Things (IoT) and its supporting technologies serve as backbones for Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS) and smart machines are used as the promoters to optimize production chains. Such advancement goes beyond the organizational and territorial boundaries, comprising agility, intelligence, and networking. This scenario triggers governmental efforts that aim at defining guidelines and standards. The speed and complexity of the transition to the new digitalization era in a globalized environment, however, does not yet allow a common and coordinated understanding of the impacts of the actions undertaken in different countries and regions. The aim of this paper, therefore, is to bridge this gap through a systematic literature review that identifies the most influential public policies and evaluates their existing differences. This cross-country/region comparison provides a worldwide panorama of public policies' durations, main objectives, available funding, areas for action, focused manufacturing sectors, and prioritized technologies. Findings of this review can be used as the basis to analyse the position of a country against the existing challenges imposed towards its own industrial infrastructure and also to coordinate its public policies.

来源:【刊名】:ProductionISSN】:0103-6513EISSN】:1980-5411【语种】:por【出版信息】:2018 Vol.28

链接:http://pan.ckcest.cn/rcservice//doc?doc_id=33998

 

类型:资讯

标题:Six trends standing between manufacturers and the factory of the future

参考译名:制造业走向未来工厂的六大趋势

简介:The factory of the future – often called the smart factory – could potentially add $1.5 trn to the global economy by 2022. Implementing digital technologies to transform factory operations has now become imperative for every company, from the automotive to high tech manufacturing industries. Yet it can be difficult to do this successfully. Automation is not new to the manufacturing sector. However, while it has historically focused on discreet operational improvements, the factory of the future will move beyond traditional automation to be built around a fully intelligent and connected system. Driven by a constant stream of data from business, operational and production applications, this system will quickly learn and adapt to new and changing demands to create a truly smart factory.

来源:Global Manufacturing  2019/01/31

链接:https://www.manufacturingglobal.com/leadership/six-trends-standing-between-manufacturers-and-factory-future

 

类型:咨询报告

标题:2019 NATIONAL MANUFACTURINGOUTLOOK AND INSIGHTS

参考译名:2019年全国制造业展望与展望

简介:2019 Survey HighlightsGrowth: 81% of manufacturers expect their revenue to increase in 2019, and 61% expect their overall sector to expand in 2019. Economy: Optimism for the regional and national economies has increased by more than 12 percentage points over the last two years.Priorities: Manufacturers’ top three priorities are growing sales, improving profitability, and addressing the workforce shortage.Challenges: Most manufacturers (52%) cited labor/talent as their greatest barrier to growth, followed by competition (34%), and profitability (25%).The survey identified three key growth strategies manufacturers will use to keep their companies on a growth track: technology, mergers and acquisitions, and talent management.Technology: Manufacturers plan to leverage technology as the key to solving productivity concerns; 76% said that they will investigate/prioritize cybersecurity in 2019, and 43% said they will prioritize Big Data/ERP/IoT.M&A: More manufacturers are considering a merger/sale or acquisition in 2019; 21% expect to acquire another business in 2019 and 16% are in the pre-planning stage of a merger or acquisition.Talent: Faced with a growing labor shortage, manufacturers have turned to a range of tools to improve hiring and retention with 62% increasing compensation, 39% implementing retention strategies, and 35% using internal training programs.

来源:January 25, 2019 by Leading Edge Alliance

链接:http://pan.ckcest.cn/rcservice//doc?doc_id=34502

 

工业机器人

类型:期刊

标题:REINVENTING INDUSTRIAL ROBOTICS

参考译名:重塑工业机器人

简介:Shops can boost their productivity in metal fabrication and machining by automating virtually any operation with lightweight, 6-axis UR5 and UR10 collaborative industrial robot arms from Universal Robots USA, Inc. (East Setauket, NY). The UR5 and UR10 are aimed at shops that thought robots were too expensive, cumbersome, and hard to program and integrate into existing production. These 6-axis robots improve the quantity and quality of output by making it possible for machine shops to automate tool and part precision through production adjustments for various processes, materials, and specialized part demands. They can work alongside personnel and generally require no safety shielding in 80 per cent of installations. They are easily moved around the production area as a plug-and-play system with a simple user interface that lets employees with no previous programing experience quickly set up and operate them.

来源:出处:《F & M: Fabricating & Metalworking》年:2016,15(4) 6262ISSN1541-2415

链接:http://pan.ckcest.cn/rcservice//doc?doc_id=34510

 

类型:会议

标题:Fully Integrated Torque-Based Collision Detection in Periodic Tasks for Industrial Robots with Closed Control Architecture

参考译名:在闭环控制结构的工业机器人周期任务中,充分集成了基于力矩的碰撞检测

简介:This paper presents an implementation and experimental validation of an algorithm for collision detection for industrial robots performing repetitive tasks. Collisions are detected by using two decision rules, one of which compares current-based estimated torques with previously calculated reference limits, while the second rule detects changes in torque dynamics. Reference limits represent experimentally acquired torque values processed in order to determine measurement tolerances based on dynamics of the signal, as well as to adapt to different sampling times. The main contribution of the paper is the algorithm which is entirely implemented on robot's controller with closed control architecture, and only requires PC for initial offline processing of reference torques. It can be adapted for use on various brands of industrial robots, and it is universal to different robot configurations.

来源:《Advances in Service and Industrial Robotics: Proceedings of the 27th International Conference on Robotics in Alpe-Adria Danube Region (RAAD 2018)》年:2019 7181 总页数:11会议:International Conference on Robotics in Alpe-Adria-Danube RegionISBN9783030002312

链接:http://pan.ckcest.cn/rcservice//doc?doc_id=34509

 

类型:会议

标题:The Case of Industrial Robotics in Croatia

参考译名:克罗地亚工业机器人的实例

简介:This paper presents an analysis of the number and the distribution of industrial robots in the Republic of Croatia. Also, the actual state of industrial robotics in the world is given, with the present and future growth trends, the distribution of robots by countries and manufacturing sectors. The number of robots in Croatia was obtained on the basis of a survey questionnaire sent to 1,500 Croatian companies. Regarding the question of robot ownership, 72 companies answered positively, resulting in a total of 326 active industrial robots in 2017. According to the Croatian Chamber of Economy estimates, the Croatian economy should have at least 2,000 installed robots. The paper gives a prediction for the growth trend in order to achieve 2,000 robots in a reasonable time period (by 2026). For that case, an exponential growth rate of 25.4% is required. Based on the current state of the Croatian economy, such an exponential growth is a huge challenge for the near future. The paper gives a brief critical review of the current state of industrial robotics in Croatia and provides guidelines for stimulating the application of industrial robots in the near future.

来源:《Advances in Service and Industrial Robotics: Proceedings of the 27th International Conference on Robotics in Alpe-Adria Danube Region (RAAD 2018)》年:2019,会议:International Conference on Robotics in Alpe-Adria-Danube RegionISBN9783030002312

链接:http://pan.ckcest.cn/rcservice//doc?doc_id=34508

 

 汽车工程

类型:期刊

标题:An analysis of the active safety of a passenger car body during car use

参考译名:乘用车行驶过程中车身主动安全性分析

简介:Passenger car bodies made nowadays are most often self-bearing constructions. This is the reason why a change in the parameters of a car body during its use also affects other sets of component parts, which are attached to it. While a passenger car is driven, the car body is exposed to various factors which can cause sudden damage or gradual wear of the car’s technical condition. This paper contains an analysis of the influence of changes in the geometry of a car body on changes in the geometry of wheels. The study was carried out on C-segment cars produced by the same manufacturer. While making an assessment of the car body’s geometry, the location of base points on the floor pan and the upper parts of the car bodywork, within the motor chamber, etc. was assayed. All vehicles were constructed on the same floor pan. Measurements were performed with a Gysmeter made by the company Gys and supported by Autorobot Datasheet software, while the geometry of wheels was measured with a computerised laser device Autoboss A-860. Camber, castor and steering axis inclination were some of the wheel geometry parameters measured in our study.

来源:【刊名】:MATEC Web of ConferencesEISSN】:2261-236X【语种】:eng【出版信息】:2018 Vol.182

链接:http://pan.ckcest.cn/rcservice//doc?doc_id=34001

 

3D打印、增材制造、生物制造

类型:期刊

标题:Additive manufacturing for the valve industry: opportunities, limits, and challenges

参考译名:阀门行业增材制造:机遇、限制和挑战

简介:Additive manufacturing (AM), according to the official ASTM definition, is the "process of joining materials to make parts from 3D model data, usually layer upon layer, as opposed to subtractive manufacturing and formative manufacturing methodologies" [1]. The process is known under a variety of names, such as e-manufacturing, freeform fabrication, rapid manufacturing, etc., the most popular one being "3D printing". Although in some contexts they can carry slightly different meanings, in most cases these names can all be considered synonyms. Since its inception in the 1980's, AM has gained increasing consideration first and foremost for rapid prototyping. Over the past 20 years, the introduction of affordable commercial 3D printers - mainly for plastics - has helped the diffusion of this technology and the awareness of its potential: AM is extremely agile and adaptable, potentially offering major advantages for the production of single parts or small batches, especially for complex and/or highly customized ones. As a result, a rapidly increasing number of industries are considering or already adopting AM as part of their processes, both in R&D and in production. Most notably, many biomedical, dental, aerospace, automotive, and consumer electronics products include parts manufactured via AM, driven by the need for mass customization, higher efficiency of the supply chain, and quicker response times [2]. A perspective of the current and expected progress of the adoption of AM by the industry is given in figure 1 through Gartner's hype cycle representation. Here, some selected key steps of such progress are highlighted. The general observation is that, while 3D printing for prototyping is now widely adopted in various industrial contexts [3] and the market of AM services is gaining momentum toward the so-called "plateaux of productivity", almost all other contexts of application for AM are still at earlier stages of maturity.

来源:《Valve World》年:2017,22(8) 7274,77-78

链接:http://pan.ckcest.cn/rcservice//doc?doc_id=33523

 

类型:资讯

标题:Ford 3-D-prints parts for Ken Block, old Focuses

参考译名:Ken Block, old Focuses3d打印零件

简介:Carbon and Ford last month announced some interesting applications of 3-D-printed parts, including components Ford said would be printed on demand as replacement parts.Hoonitruck’ manifold.The splashiest of the printed parts involved an “intricate aluminium intake manifold that supplies air from the turbochargers to the engine’s cylinders” for Gymkhana TEN star Ken Block‘s 1977 F-150 “Hoonitruck.”Ford in a Jan. 29 news release called the intake manifold “the largest 3D metal-printed part for a working vehicle in automotive history” and said it built it with help from the RWTH Aachen University” Digital Additive Production Institute in Germany.The part weighs about 13.23 pounds.

来源:By John Huetter on February 6, 2019

链接:https://www.repairerdrivennews.com/2019/02/06/ford-3-d-prints-parts-for-ken-block-old-focuses/

 

类型:资讯

标题:State of 3D Printing 2019: All Grown Up & Ready to Work

参考译名:20193D打印状态:长大成人,准备工作

简介:Additive manufacturing, the ultimate child of the ‘80s, has finally proven itself ready for grown up, high-volume work. We delve into how that happened and where it will take the greater manufacturing industry.

来源:IW John Hitch | Feb 01, 2019

链接:https://www.industryweek.com/technology-and-iiot/state-3d-printing-2019-all-grown-ready-work

 

综合情报

类型:资讯

标题:Top 10 manufacturing trends for 2019

参考译名:2019年全球十大制造业趋势

简介:1. Industry – university collaboration

There has long been an understanding of the value of industry/university collaborations; however, until recently this was limited to a few select partnerships. In 2019, links between industry and academia will continue to strengthen as both sides seek to use the resources and expertise of the other to enhance their own offerings and increase their understanding of the theoretical and practical applications of new technologies.

2. IoT expansion

It is widely accepted that the Internet of Things (IoT) market is growing at an exponential rate and becoming the norm for many, with 3.6bn connected devices used for daily tasks this year. In 2019, we can expect this growth to continue to spread. Boosted by 5G connectivity and advances in sensor technology, the manufacturing industry will see more IoT devices than ever before to drive forward the industrial revolution.

来源:Manuclouds  2019/01/18

链接:https://www.i4sm.org/?p=1798

 

类型:资讯

标题:Looking back over 2018’s UK manufacturing M&A activity

参考译名:2018年英国制造业并购事件回顾

简介:Over the last six months we have been pleased to see UK manufacturers largely ignore an at times frustratingly and unjustly negative political and industry commentary, by delivering modest but sustained growth and consistently adding jobs. Our last industrial sector report showed a roaring second quarter to 2018, with 127 deals, materially ahead of every quarter since.

来源:Global Manufacturing  2019/01/25

链接:https://www.manufacturingglobal.com/leadership/looking-back-over-2018s-uk-manufacturing-ma-activity

 

类型:资讯

标题:Survey of Economists: U.S. Recession Unlikely Within 12 Months

参考译名:经济学家预测:美国经济在12个月内不太可能衰退

简介:WASHINGTON (AP) — A majority of business economists foresee no recession in the United States within the next 12 months but do predict a slowdown in growth this year. A survey by the National Association for Business Economics finds that nearly two-thirds of respondents think the economy will keep growing this year in what would become the longest expansion on record in U.S. history at more than 10 years. Still, the survey results being released Monday reflect a collective belief that some of the economy's momentum is fading. Compared with the NABE's previous survey in October, for example, a smaller proportion of economists said their companies' sales were rising. And fewer expect profit growth to increase. Corporate investments in new equipment has also cooled.

来源:美国制造业网M.NET  2019/01/28

链接:https://www.manufacturing.net/news/2019/01/survey-economists-us-recession-unlikely-within-12-months

 

类型:资讯

标题:Motion Control Trends to Watch in 2019

参考译名:2019年的运动控制趋势

简介:If there is one constant in the market, it is change. Consumers want new products with higher degrees of customization. End-users need to deliver. This means they put pressure on OEMs and system integrators to provide solutions. The needs of those groups, in turn, put the responsibility for implementation on motion control suppliers, a dynamic that is transforming automation. Here, we survey the state of motion control to highlight key trends and capabilities to solve problems for the industrial user. “The consumer changes the end user, the end user changes the OEM, and that’s why all of these trends are popping up a little bit more,” Joaquin Ocampo, product manager drives, motors & safety, Bosch Rexroth (Hoffman Estates, Illinois). Some of the trends are new. Others have been topics of discussion for several years. The interesting aspect is that they are finally coming of age.

来源:Motion Control & Motor AssociationPOSTED 12/19/2018

链接:https://www.motioncontrolonline.org/content-detail.cfm/Motion-Control-Technical-Features/Motion-Control-Trends-to-Watch-in-2019/content_id/2807

 

宇航空间结构、特种机器人

类型:期刊

标题:Orbit Design for LUMIO: The Lunar Meteoroid Impacts Observer

参考译名:LUMIO的轨道设计:月球流星体撞击观测器

简介:The Lunar Meteoroid Impacts Observer, or LUMIO, is a space mission concept awarded winner of ESA's SysNova Competition "Lunar CubeSats for Exploration", and as such it is now under consideration for future implementation by the Agency. The space segment foresees a 12U CubeSat, placed at Earth-Moon L2, equipped with an optical instrument, the LUMIO-Cam, which is able to spot the flashes produced by impacts of meteoroids with the lunar surface. In this paper, the work undertaken to design the baseline orbit of LUMIO is documented. The methodology is thoroughly described, both in qualitative and quantitative terms, in support to the mission analysis trade-off activities. The baseline solution is presented with evidence to support the orbit design.

来源:【刊名】:Frontiers in Astronomy and Space SciencesEISSN】:2296-987X【语种】:eng【出版信息】:2018 Vol.5

链接:https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fspas.2018.00029

 

类型:资讯

标题:Mesh Robots Float & Grab Objects On Command

参考译名:网格机器人根据命令浮动和抓取对象

简介:Researchers have been doing a lot with 3D printing magnetic materials. We’ve previously seen magnetic bio-mimicry, medical robots and now mesh robots. A team at North Carolina State University developed these mesh robots by printing silicone architectures with programmable magnetic capillary action. As a result, they’ve developed smart elastomeric structures that reconfigure and reshape in reaction to magnetic fields. The robots can thus pick things up or partake in small actions that could be useful in developing soft robotics or medical tools.

While the robots are best for simpler tasks, they are just an early prototype, as the researchers suggest. “This research shows capabilities in the emerging field of combining 3D printing and soft robotics,” says Orlin Velev, corresponding author of the study. “For now, this is an early stage proof-of-concept for a soft robotic actuator.”

The ultrasoft actuators deform upon interaction with magnetic forces, causing carbonyl iron particles inside them to release or contort. One of the proof of concepts that the researchers presented was a mechanism for holding water droplets. While the magnetic field is on the robot holds on to the droplets and releases the when the field switches off. The design could this be a great way of transporting liquids or mixing them in lab situations.

来源:January 24, 2019  3dprinting.com

链接:https://3dprinting.com/news/mesh-robots-float-grab-objects-command/

 

类型:资讯

标题:Deep-learning machine vision opens up new possibilities

参考译名:深度学习机器视觉开辟了新的可能性

简介:The emergence of machine vision technologies that use “deep learning” is expanding manufacturers’ capabilities and flexibility, leading to greater cost efficiencies and higher production yields, according to a new report from ABI Research. It predicts that these technologies will achieve a CAGR of 20% between 2017 and 2023, with revenues reaching $34bn by 2023.

来源:04 FEBRUARY, 2019drives&controls

链接:https://drivesncontrols.com/news/fullstory.php/aid/5941/Deep-learning_machine_vision_opens_up_new_possibilities.html


 

动力系统、燃气轮机

类型:资讯

标题:Low-Profile Direct Drive Motor is Newest Innovation from Mitsubishi Electric

参考译名:三菱电机的最新创新:低调的直接驱动电机

简介:Machine designers and end users looking for direct control of a load without traditional transmission components will be interested in the new Low-Profile Direct Drive Motors (TM-RG2M / TM-RU2M) from Mitsubishi Electric Automation, Inc. Built with speed and precision in mind, it provides a smaller footprint and allows for more compact, efficient, and precise machines than those typically built using rotary servo motors. Applications that are well suited for the new motor include coating and vapor deposition systems, index tables, tool changers, rotary material handling robots, and rotary axis on XYθ inspection positioning systems.

来源:02/06/2019 Motion Control Online

链接:https://www.motioncontrolonline.org/content-detail.cfm/Motion-Control-News/Low-Profile-Direct-Drive-Motor-is-Newest-Innovation-from-Mitsubishi-Electric/content_id/2872