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《先进制造信息参考》第42期


2019/2/25 14:41:42

工业4.0与智能制造

类型:会议

标题:Designing for the Future Factory: Exploring the Co-evolution of Manufacturing Digital Intensity and Personas

参考译名:未来工厂设计:探索制造业数字化强度与角色的共同演化

简介:Industrial Internet-of-Things (HOT) is transforming manufacturing operations. Successful adoption of HOT requires understanding today's factories, their diverse inhabitants, and the obstacles to further digitization. It also requires anticipating how these conditions and inhabitants will change in the future. As organizations maneuver through this transformation, the narrative often centers on the trope that technology enables and humans hinder. Our work suggests the opposite. Humans will have plenty to do in the future factory and will be critical to transformation success. Further, workers see change as critical for maintaining competitiveness of both themselves personally and their companies. This paper draws from a study of 145 manufacturing workers and leaders from a range of manufacturing settings. It identifies triggers that motivate consideration of smart technologies today, examines participant expectations for the future, and uses personas as a mechanism for examining differences that are likely to influence the design and adoption of these technologies.

来源:会议录《Advances in Manufacturing, Production Management and Process Control :  年:2019 127137 会议:International Conference on Advanced Production Management and Process Control  日期:2018-07-21

链接:http://pan.ckcest.cn/rcservice//doc?doc_id=34859

 

类型:会议

标题:Smart Services Conditions and Preferences - An Analysis of Chinese and German Manufacturing Markets

参考译名:智能服务的预设条件——中德制造业市场分析

简介:Smart Services are individually configurable bundles of physically delivered services and digital services, based on data collected in the Internet of Things. Due to the increasing equipment of products with sensing technologies and communication modules, Smart Services become more and more important to manufacturing companies. Since German and Chinese manufacturing firms possess a strong trading relationship, it is important to understand the market conditions and customer requirements of the two country markets in order to develop and provide Smart Services successfully. In this context, our paper provides a first overview about these aspects, based on literature analysis and a small qualitative survey among four Chinese and four German experts.

来源:会议录《Advances in artificial intelligence, software and systems engineering :》年:2019 183194 会议:International Conference on Human Factors in Artificial Intelligence and Social Computing  举办地:Orlando 日期:2018-07-21  ISBN9783319942285

链接:http://pan.ckcest.cn/rcservice//doc?doc_id=34852

 

类型:期刊

标题:Big Data Analytics for Smart Manufacturing: Case Studies in Semiconductor Manufacturing

参考译名:智能制造的大数据分析:半导体制造业的案例研究

简介:Smart manufacturing (SM) is a term generally applied to the improvement in manufacturing operations through integration of systems, linking of physical and cyber capabilities, and taking advantage of information including leveraging the big data evolution. SM adoption has been occurring unevenly across industries, thus there is an opportunity to look to other industries to determine solution and roadmap paths for industries such as biochemistry or biology. The big data evolution affords an opportunity for managing significantly larger amounts of information and acting on it with analytics for improved diagnostics and prognostics. The analytics approaches can be defined in terms of dimensions to understand their requirements and capabilities, and to determine technology gaps. The semiconductor manufacturing industry has been taking advantage of the big data and analytics evolution by improving existing capabilities such as fault detection, and supporting new capabilities such as predictive maintenance. For most of these capabilities: (1) data quality is the most important big data factor in delivering high quality solutions; and (2) incorporating subject matter expertise in analytics is often required for realizing effective on-line manufacturing solutions. In the future, an improved big data environment incorporating smart manufacturing concepts such as digital twin will further enable analytics; however, it is anticipated that the need for incorporating subject matter expertise in solution design will remain.

来源:【刊名】:ProcessesEISSN】:2227-9717【语种】:eng【出版信息】:2017 Vol.5 No.3

链接:http://pan.ckcest.cn/rcservice//doc?doc_id=33626

 

类型:资讯

标题:Design on a Diamond: AI's Potential in Advanced Materials Research

参考译名:钻石设计:人工智能在先进材料研究中的潜力

简介:Applying just a bit of strain to a piece of semiconductor or other crystalline material can deform the orderly arrangement of atoms in its structure enough to cause dramatic changes in its properties, such as the way it conducts electricity, transmits light, or conducts heat.

来源: MIT News | Feb 21, 2019

链接:https://www.industryweek.com/technology-and-iiot/design-diamond-ais-potential-advanced-materials-research 

 

类型:咨询报告

标题:Global Business Policy Council (GBPC)Research ReportYear-Ahead Predictions 2019

参考译名:全球商业政策委员会(GBPC)2019年研究预测报告

简介:The Global Business Policy Council makes 10 key predictions for 2019, all of which we believe will have important implications for the global business environment:

*         The US–China trade war will intensify.

*         Bitcoin will lead the consolidation and maturation of the cryptocurrency market.

*         The global trash crisis will spur innovations in waste management.

*         The global shipping industry will crash into new sulfur regulations.

*         The Xi–Putin relationship will be the world’s most consequential bromance.

*         The global anxiety epidemic will lead to a proliferation of new products.

*         A sand shortage will grind the gears of the global construction industry.

*         The looming emerging markets credit crisis will grow in both scale and scope.

*         Africa will be more connected than ever.

*         Real-life “Iron Man” will materialize in the form of exoskeletons.

来源: 01/30/201 RIA

链接:http://pan.ckcest.cn/rcservice//doc?doc_id=34858

 

类型:资讯

标题:The Role of Embedded Vision in the Future of Manufacturing and Automation

参考译名:嵌入式视觉在未来制造和自动化中的作用

简介:Embedded vision combines image capture and processing abilities into one vision system, which is typically embedded in a larger system with a broader focus. While it’s a relatively new technology, embedded vision will play a major role in the progression of automation in manufacturing for years to come.The manufacturing sector as a whole is moving towards greater and greater levels of automation as they strive for higher levels of productivity, safety, and low-cost production. Automation technologies have been a reliable source of efficiency for manufacturers – as this technology advances, embedded vision systems will become increasingly common.

来源:Vision Online 02/19/2019

链接:https://www.visiononline.org/blog-article.cfm/The-Role-of-Embedded-Vision-in-the-Future-of-Manufacturing-and-Automation/142?utm_source=Informz&utm_medium=Email&utm_campaign=visiononline&_zs=CTN3K1&_zl=mNQu4

 

数字化设计与制造

类型:期刊

标题:Systematic review of research relating to heavy-duty machine tool foundation systems

参考译名:重型机床基础系统研究的系统综述

简介:The quality of heavy-duty machine tool foundations can drastically affect the operating life and working precision of the tool, and the high cost of manufacture has drawn a lot of attention. This article summarized the research status of the relevant literature on the characteristics, vibration isolation, foundation optimization, and quality inspection of heavy-duty machine tool-foundation system, induced the influencing laws of the influencing factors of the system, reviewed the highlights and achievements in the research of heavy machine tool-foundation system at present, and put forward some problems and development directions existing in the research of heavy machine tool-foundation system. It lays a foundation for realizing the judgment of the concrete foundation quality and improving the processing precision and the maintenance of the heavy machine tool.

来源:【刊名】:Advances in Mechanical EngineeringISSN】:1687-8132【语种】:eng

【出版信息】:Volume: 11 issue: 1

链接:http://pan.ckcest.cn/rcservice//doc?doc_id=34854

 

类型:期刊

标题:Effects of Deformation Conditions on the Rolling Force during Variable Gauge Rolling

参考译名:变径轧制过程中变形条件对轧制力的影响

简介:In this study, effects of different deformation conditions on the rolling force were studied during variable gauge rolling processes. To this end, variations of rolling forces with rolling times were analyzed at different roll diameters, absolute thickness reductions and friction coefficients. Considering the rolling force variations, an abrupt change in the outlet section of downward and outward rolling was observed at all deformation conditions. The experimental data, along with the results obtained from finite element method (FEM) simulations, revealed that this drop in the rolling force (DRF) is strongly dependent on the deformation conditions. It was found that the DRF value increases with increasing absolute thickness reduction, roll diameter and friction coefficient. Furthermore, dependency of contact length on the roll radius and wedge angle (slope of the thickness transition zone) was investigated. Accordingly, it was concluded that the variations of the DRF value can be mainly attributed to the changes in the contact length during variable gauge rolling. Moreover, slab method analysis was used to model the effects of deformation conditions on DRF.

来源:【刊名】:Journal of Manufacturing and Materials ProcessingEISSN】:2504-4494【出版信息】:2018 Vol.2 No.3

链接:http://pan.ckcest.cn/rcservice//doc?doc_id=34856

 

类型:期刊

标题:On-line fault diagnosis of FMS based on flows analysis

参考译名:基于流分析的FMS故障在线诊断

简介:Any flexible manufacturing system (FMS) may face fault which may disrupt the production and cause delays. Thus, the identification of the source of failure is very important to intervene rapidly. This paper aims to develop an indirect and incremental diagnostic approach to identify the root cause of the observed delay in the context of a single fault occurrence. In this study the observation is done only at the output of the system to measure the output dates of each part and to detect the eventual delay. For this purpose, a mathematical model is developed to model the proposed diagnostic approach of FMS under cyclic scheduling. This cyclic approach provides intermediary reference points to detect any discrepancy with regard the predictive scheduling. These intermediary reference points correspond to the end of each cycle defined by the scheduling. To solve this problem, the constraint programming technique is used. Finally, the performance of the proposed approach is evaluated with respect to the literature. The major merit of this study is to prove the capacity to diagnose efficiently the progressive faults of a plant without the necessity to add sensors dedicated to its monitoring.

来源:Journal of Intelligent Manufacturing》年:2018,29(8)

链接:http://pan.ckcest.cn/rcservice//doc?doc_id=34861 

 

类型:期刊

标题:A comparison of machine learning methods for cutting parameters prediction in high speed turning process

参考译名:高速车削过程中切削参数预测的机器学习方法比较

简介:Support vector machines are arguably one of the most successful methods for data classification, but when using them in regression problems, literature suggests that their performance is no longer state-of-the-art. This paper compares performances of three machine learning methods for the prediction of independent output cutting parameters in a high speed turning process. Observed parameters were the surface roughness (Ra), cutting force (Fc), and tool lifetime (T). For the modelling, support vector regression (SVR), polynomial (quadratic) regression, and artificial neural network (ANN) were used. In this research, polynomial regression has outperformed SVR and ANN in the case of Fc and Ra prediction, while ANN had the best performance in the case of T, but also the worst performance in the case of Fc and Ra. The study has also shown that in SVR, the polynomial kernel has outperformed linear kernel and RBF kernel. In addition, there was no significant difference in performance between SVR and polynomial regression for prediction of all three output machining parameters.

来源:Journal of Intelligent Manufacturing》年:2018,29(8)

链接:http://pan.ckcest.cn/rcservice//doc?doc_id=34864 

 

 汽车工程

类型:期刊

标题:Accuracy of Crash Data for Wet Pavement Crash Analysis

参考译名:湿式路面碰撞数据分析的准确性

简介:The impact of rainfall and wet pavement has the potential to influence the number of traffic crashes along a roadway as the reduction in pavement friction and visibility potentially lead to a greater number of crashes. To study this impact, researchers have used traffic crash records with reported roadway conditions to determine if there is a relationship between the rainfall event and the number of traffic crashes. This paper examines the accuracy of the reported roadway condition related to the presence of rainfall using a crash database and rainfall records from gauges throughout the state of Alabama. The results of this study indicate that there is a high likelihood, or almost 12 percent of the crashes in the database, where the pavement condition will be reported as wet when there is no rainfall occurring in the area and when there was not a report of rainfall in the recent timeframe. This high percentage of incorrect values might influence the results of statistical studies intended to evaluate the influence of rainfall on crashes.

来源:【刊名】:International Journal of Traffic and Transportation EngineeringISSN】:2325-0062

EISSN】:2325-0070【语种】:eng【出版信息】:2018 Vol.7 No.2

链接:http://pan.ckcest.cn/rcservice//doc?doc_id=34855

 

3D打印、增材制造、生物制造

类型:期刊

标题:A new method of reusing the manufacturing information for the slightly changed 3D CAD model

参考译名:一种对三维CAD模型进行细微改动进行制造信息重用的新方法

简介:Nowadays, growing quantities of process models in the process planning system are generated in enterprises based on the 3D design model. Usually, these process models contain a great deal of process information. So, how to reuse the embedded manufacturing information plays an important role in the competitive global market for the enterprises increasingly, because it can save enormous time and cost. In this paper, a new method is presented to reuse the existing manufacturing information for the slightly changed 3D design model. First, the hierarchical data structure of process route is introduced to represent the dynamic evolution process of mechanical part model, which takes working procedure model as the carrier of manufacturing information. Second, a multilevel machining feature descriptor which captures different levels of information for each process is designed to search the query machining feature. Moreover, the proposed algorithm of obtaining the main machining feature face for accelerating feature match is given to filter out unmatched feature. Then, the strategies of reusing the manufacturing information are proposed: the matched machining features can automatically obtain the manufacturing information and the unmatched machining features are dealt with by interactive mode. Finally, some slightly changed aircraft structural parts are utilized to verify our proposed method for reusing the manufacturing information. A prototype system has been developed to verify the effectiveness of the proposed method.

来源:Journal of Intelligent Manufacturing》年:2018,29(8)

链接:http://pan.ckcest.cn/rcservice//doc?doc_id=34863 

 

类型:期刊

标题:3D-Bioprinting: A stepping stone towards enhanced medical approaches

参考译名:3D生物打印:增强医疗方法的垫脚石

简介:In the past few decades, tissue engineering has been seen unprecedented escalation driving the field ofartificial tissue and organ construct and brought metamorphosis in regenerative medicine. Primeadvancement has been attained through the expansion of novel biomanufacturing approaches todevise and convene cells in three dimensions to fabricate tissue contrive. Accompaniment manufacturingdifferently known as 3D bioprinting is leading prime innovation in a number of applications in lifesciences such as tissue and organ construct, personalized drug dosing, cancer model and heart tissueengineering. Overall, this review summarizes most prevalent bioprinting technologies; including laserbasedbioprinting, extrusion bioprinting, injection bioprinting, stereolithography as well as biomaterialsuch as bioink. It also explores 3D industries, approaches such as Biomimicry, autonomous self-assembly,mini tissues and biomedical applications. Existing challenges that impede clinical mileage of bioprintingare also discussed along with future prospective.

来源:【刊名】:Advancements in Life SciencesEISSN】:2310-5380【语种】:eng【出版信息】:2018 Vol.5 No.4【起止页】:143 - 153,11

链接:http://www.als-journal.com/541-18/

 

类型:期刊

标题:Design and Manufacture A 3D Printed Artificial Hand

参考译名:设计制造3D打印人工手

简介:In spite of the different types of upper limb prosthetics that are available in the market now days, the researches should carry out to present a various methods and development in order to reach the optimum level in this field. This paper presents a methodology to design and manufacture an artificial hand for prosthetic application. The proposed design is a five finger hand with the forearm actuated by under -actuated system composed of tendons and servomotors. The manufacture strategy started by design the model using the solidworks software and manufacture by 3d printing techniq ue. it possess 15 Dof, 3dof for each finger. Analyzing of the forward kinematics had also been carried out using the matlab robotic toolbox to present the workspace and fingertip coordinates. The hand was tested to perform gesture mo vements and some grasping movement by using a myoelectric control system, and it was able to approximates the manipulation abilities o f human hand very well.

来源:【刊名】:American Journal of Engineering ResearchISSN】:2320-0936EISSN】:2320-0847【语种】:eng【出版信息】:2018 Vol.7 No.2【起止页】: 156 - 164,9

链接:http://www.ajer.org/papers/Vol-7-issue-2/T070201156164.pdf

 

工业物联网

类型:咨询报告

标题:Improve Data Communication For IIOT

参考译名:提高物联网的数据通信

简介:This white paper will help you better understand why it is important to weigh the short-term benefits of industrial networks and long-term gains in efficiency, optimization and cost savings. You’ll also learn how to determine your company’s networking and data needs and key technologies and protocols, including when industrial Ethernet can benefit your applications. The white paper also covers key technologies that power IIoT environments, such as edge devices, web-based programming environments and industrial Ethernet cables.

来源:Turck Inc.11/18

链接:http://pan.ckcest.cn/rcservice//doc?doc_id=33491

 

类型:期刊

标题:The Internet of Things: Enabling Artificial Intelligence

参考译名:物联网:使人工智能得以实现

简介:In recent years, the Internet of Things (IoT) has become an increasingly prominent concept, and the benefits associated with this technology are seemingly limitless. The interest in the IoT stems from its elasticity and scalability and scholars, researchers, and investors alike are increasingly turning their attention to how best to harness this powerful concept. One area that has become of specific interest relates to the vast amount of data that is generated by the sensors that form the diverse networks that sit at the core of the IoT. More and more opportunities to collate and harness this data are emerging, and the collection of intelligence can be of significant value politically, economically, and socially. This article hence examines some of the ways in which the IoT can be employed to advance the artificial intelligence (AI). Furthermore, this article presents and discusses the limitations of the current systems and propose recommendations for the future direction.

来源:出处:《International Journal of Hyperconnectivity and the Internet of Things》年:2018,2(1)

链接:http://pan.ckcest.cn/rcservice//doc?doc_id=34860 

 

综合情报

类型:资讯

标题:Hidden figures: is critical alarm management fuelling a productivity gap in UK manufacturing?

参考译名:关键时刻的预警管理能力是否能加速英国制造业生产率的差距

简介:New year marks the start of the Oscars season, so what better time to review the blockbuster dramas shaping UK industry. The Favourite? Productivity. Weak productivity has long been an Inconvenient Truth for British business, with data consistently showing that UK output lags behind many advanced economies. The government’s Industrial Strategy outlines clear goals to boost productivity, urging companies to take advantage of ground-breaking technological advances to drive improvements.  Those advances are fuelling a ubiquitous focus on digital transformation as the so-called ‘fourth industrial revolution’ steals the Spotlight. ‘Industry 4.0’ – characterised by new technologies that enable automation, data exchange and machine-to-machine communication – is billed as the answer to manufacturing’s productivity challenge. The potential opportunities are great. But as industry ponders headline innovation like Artificial Intelligence and IoT, some companies might be missing a trick. Affordable, everyday technology that automates processes to stimulate rapid productivity gains is, in some organisations, being overlooked. It’s time to seek Atonement.

来源:Global Manufacturing  2019/01/26

链接:https://www.manufacturingglobal.com/lean-manufacturing/hidden-figures-critical-alarm-management-fuelling-productivity-gap-uk

 

类型:资讯

标题:Survey: Number of New Manufacturing Businesses in Decline

参考译名:调查显示,美国新增制造业企业数量下降

简介:In a recent study from Swyft Filings, the manufacturing industry showed a decent amount of new business growth, coming in 14th in the rankings across industries. Manufacturing business formation growth saw a 5.8 percent drop in 2018, compared to a year-over-year increase of 38.3 percent from 2016 to 2017. The report suggests that this drop comes from a growing gap between larger and smaller companies. Larger companies can more easily expand their portfolios by purchasing smaller businesses or building new or larger facilities, while smaller companies compete to stay relevant as the larger ones expand. According to the report, demand for equipment needed for industrial activities is only increasing, including in the construction and oil and gas industries, but the larger companies that can cover the full spectrum of products needed for these operations push smaller companies out.

来源:美国制造业网M.NET  2019/02/21

链接:https://www.manufacturing.net/data-focus/2019/02/survey-number-new-manufacturing-businesses-decline

 

类型:资讯

标题:How Valuable Is the Rise of Enterprise Blockchain Technology for Manufacturers?

参考译名:企业区块链技术的崛起对制造商有多大价值?

简介:Very soon, we are told, Internet of Things (IoT) sensors will instrument all the steps in the supply chain, providing unprecedented transparency to suppliers and buyers alike. The key, of course, is getting information—any information—from one company to another in a way that is timely, trustworthy, and actionable by software; a surprisingly difficult problem. I wouldn’t recommend using enterprise blockchain for everything. It’s monstrously more complex than a database, and magnitudes slower. But it has a strong fit anywhere multiple companies must work on a shared set of information. It seems almost tailor-made for supply chain solutions. It is just another hammer in the developer’s toolbox. While you wouldn’t use a hammer to perform dental work, transparent insight into your supply chain is the nail to the blockchain hammer.

来源:美国制造业网M.NET 2019/01/27

链接:https://www.manufacturing.net/article/2019/01/how-valuable-rise-enterprise-blockchain-technology-manufacturers

 

宇航空间结构、特种机器人

类型:资讯

标题:The European Space Agency wants to mine the moon for oxygen and water

参考译名:欧洲航天局想在月球上开采氧气和水

简介:This week, the European Space Agency (ESA) announced a deal with ArianeGroup, parent company of launch provider Arianespace, to study and prep a possible 2025 moon mission. The goal: mine the lunar surface for resources. They have also recruited former Google Lunar X Prize competitor PTScientists to provide the lander for the mission.

来源:MIT Technology Review January 25, 2019

链接:https://www.technologyreview.com/the-download/612822/the-european-space-agency-wants-to-mine-the-moon-for-oxygen-and-water/

 

类型:期刊

标题:The Vortex Aircooler System for Cutting Materials in Aerospace Industry

参考译名:航空航天材料切割用涡冷系统

简介:In aerospace industry there is a situation, when it is not possible to use liquid cooling of cutting zone, because we have special material or special construction. How often in that case used air fluent, but it has some problems with life cycle tools, quality and cutting time. For solving these problems was use the vortex effect, it was open less than one hundred years ago. The unit for making vortex effect is could vortex tube. It was done the design the vortex tube of air cooler system for cutting using some researching [1-5]. Some experimental dates gave verification. The construction was made by metal materials and now is using on JSC ?Salut?, Samara.

来源:【刊名】:MATEC Web of ConferencesEISSN】:2261-236X【语种】:eng【出版信息】:2018 Vol.179【起止页】:6

链接:http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/matecconf/201817902007

 

类型:资讯

标题:Robot Attempts to Navigate As Well As a Tiny Desert Ant

参考译名:机器人尝试模仿沙漠中的蚂蚁进行导航

简介:Insects in general are unfailingly impressive with how intelligent and capable they are, with an absolute minimum of sensing and computing power. Where things start to get really interesting is when insects have to get clever in order to manage particularly challenging environments. Desert ants are a great example of this: While most ants rely on pheromone trails to navigate (they retrace their smell trails to get back to the nest), the heat of the desert means that pheromones don’t last very long. Instead, desert ants rely on a variety of techniques, including step counting, optic flow, landmarks, and most notably solar navigation.

来源: 13 Feb 2019 | 19:00 GMT

链接:https://spectrum.ieee.org/automaton/robotics/robotics-hardware/robot-attempts-to-navigate-as-well-as-a-tiny-desert-ant 

 

动力系统、燃气轮机

类型:期刊

标题:Dynamic performance simulation and control of gas turbines used for hybrid gas/wind energy applications

参考译名:混合气体/风能应用的燃气轮机动态性能仿真与控制

简介:The exponential growth of renewable electricity generation has transformed significantly the operating environment of gas turbines. Nowadays, gas turbines operate under transient conditions to support their renewable partners. Gas turbine dynamic performance simulation provides the means for assessing the engine behavior and designing engine controllers that will enable them to fulfill their new operating role.

来源:刊名《Applied thermal engineering: Design, processes, equipment, economics》年:2019,147 122142 ISSN1359-4311

链接:http://pan.ckcest.cn/rcservice//doc?doc_id=34853